FESTIVALS, HOLIDAYS AND OTHER ANNUAL EVENTS IN Tehran
Every year, numerous holidays are celebrated in Iran.
Below are the main dates for these festivities:
Every year, Iranians celebrate the anniversary of the Islamic revolution, marked by the rise to power of Imam Khomeini and the fall of the Shah regime. Traditionally, the president delivers a speech on Azadi Square.13 March : Martyrdom anniversary of Hezrat Fatemeh (national)
The day commemorating the martyrdom of the Prophet's daughter is also Mother's Day and Women's Day in Iran. Iranians gather together waving flowers.The Wednesday before the Persian New Year : Chaharshanbe Suri (national)
‘Wednesday Day', marks the beginning of Nowruz celebrations. These festivities are rooted in Zoroastrianism, the ancient religion that preceded Islam in Iran. A symbol of rebirth and renewal, this period is marked by celebrations, including family gatherings around sumptuous meals.21 March : Nowruz (national)
Day of the Persian New Year. The celebrations take place mainly in private. However, on this date, Tehran restaurants also offer festive meals and entertainment (music, traditional dances, etc.).1st April : Day of the Islamic Republic (national)
After a victory following a national referendum for or against the Islamic Republic on 30 and 31 March 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini proclaimed the Islamic Republic of Iran, where he became the supreme spiritual leader. On this occasion, sporting events, ceremonies, and parades are held in the city.2 April : Sizdah Be-dar (national)
End of the Nowruz holiday, the last day of the year. On this day, according to tradition, the people must absolutely leave home and go into nature. Hiking in the countryside or in the mountains, picnicking, camping… In the evening, to chase away bad luck, they throw the wheat they have let germinate for three weeks into the water.12 October : Ashura (national)
On the occasion of Ashura, Shiites celebrate the martyrdom of Imam Hussein. This commemoration lasts several weeks, but it is especially marked on 12 October. That day, everything is closed, the Iranians do not work and the believers go to the mosque or mausoleum to celebrate the Imam.20 December : Shab-e Yalda (national)
Of Zoroastrian origin, this holiday celebrates the longest and darkest night of the year and the shortest day of autumn. Iranians celebrate Mithra, the Zoroastrian god of light, with large family meals, notably by lighting candles and eating red foods such as pomegranate and watermelon.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER IN TehranThe climate of Tehran is continental, characterised by cold winters and hot summers. Situated between the mountains of Alborz and the desert of Dasht-e Kavir, the city is swept by cold winds in winter and hot winds in summer. Temperatures are mild in spring and autumn, the best periods to visit Tehran.
|Month||Min. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Max. Average Temperature (°C/F°)||Average Rains (MM)||Best Time to Travel|
|January||-1/30.2||5/41||40/1.6||Not the best period to go|
|February||1/33.8||8/46.4||30/1.2||Not the best period to go|
|March||5/41||13/55.4||30/1.2||Not the best period to go|
|April||12/53.6||21/69.8||30/1.2||Good period to go|
|May||16/60.8||26/78.8||10/0.4||Good period to go|
|June||22/71.6||33/91.4||0/0||Good period to go|
|July||25/77||36/96.8||0/0||Not the best period to go|
|August||24/75.2||35/95||0/0||Not the best period to go|
|September||21/69.8||31/87.8||0/0||Good period to go|
|October||14/57.2||23/73.4||10/0.4||Good period to go|
|November||7/44.6||15/59||20/0.8||Not the best period to go|
|December||2/35.6||8/46.4||30/1.2||Not the best period to go|
INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT IN TEHRAN
The Imam Khomeini International Airport is located 30 kilometres south of Tehran.
- 1 terminal :
- T1 A and B (Air France)
- Car :
- Access by car: it is easy to connect to the city centre from the airport via the motorway linking Tehran to Qom. Because of traffic, the trip takes 1 hour to 1½ hours.
- Parking: Tehran airport has three car parks. The parking garage P1 is connected directly to the terminal. To park, you have to pay an entrance fee of 500 IRR then 300 IRR per hour or 4,500 IRR daily. The open-air parking lots P2 and P3 are connected to the terminal by shuttle buses. The entry fee is 300 IRR and 200 IRR per hour or 3,000 IRR daily.
- Rentals: Many car rental companies are located at the airport, in the arrivals hall.
- Shuttles :
Shuttles, towards Azadi Square, can reach the centre of Tehran from the airport. Count 20,000 IRR for the ride.
Please note that this bus service is regularly interrupted, and its hours are irregular. It is not the most reliable way to reach the capital.
- Metro :
La station Haram-e Motahhar (ligne 1) se trouve à quelques kilomètres de l'aéroport. Vous pouvez la rejoindre en utilisant les navettes ou un taxi. Elle vous emmènera directement au centre-ville. Un projet d'extension de la ligne 1 jusqu'à l'aéroport Imam Khomeini est en cours de développement.
- Taxi :
Taxis are the surest way to reach the Iranian capital. The price of a trip to Tehran is about 400,000 IRR. The traffic being often chaotic on the outskirts of the city, count 90 minutes on average to reach the centre.
- Services : Bank services, souvenir shops, restaurants, and free WiFi in certain areas of the airport.
GETTING AROUND Tehran
Better to avoid the congested traffic of Tehran! For that, nothing beats the subway, which serves the four corners of the Iranian capital.
To drive a car in Tehran, tourists must be in possession of an international driving license. If you are expatriated and now in possession of a residence permit or an extension of your long-stay visa, you can apply for an Iranian driving license valid for one year and renewable for the same duration.
However, driving in the city is not the best option for visiting Tehran. Heavy traffic, congestion, and a lack of parking spaces can turn the use of a car into a stressful experience. It is best to use public transport.
The city of Tehran is crisscrossed by 10 bus lines circulating on average every 10 to 15 minutes between 5:30 a.m. and 12:30 a.m. It is possible to buy bus tickets for 2,000 IRR in kiosks in stations.
Iranian busses not being mixed, the front of the bus is usually reserved for men and the back for women. Also note that the queues at the stations are not mixed.
The names of the stations and times of bus panels being written exclusively in Persian, do not hesitate to call upon a resident to help you find your way.
You can also visit the English website of the city of Tehran, part of which is dedicated to transport providing information on routes and schedules of different lines (http://map.tehran.ir/?lang=en).
The Tehran metro has three lines (line 1, following the north/south axis, line 2, which crosses the city from east to west, and line 5, west), covering a major part of the capital. Line 3 is currently under construction. Line 4, which primarily serves the city centre, is in development. For now, only 13 stations of the 22 planned are operating. The trains run between 5:30 a.m. and 11:00 p.m., with a train every 5 to 10 minutes. Very popular with the people, they do have their ‘peaks', so for smoother traffic, avoid travel by subway between 7:00 and 8:00 in the morning and between 5:00 and 8:00 in the evening.
The price of a metro ticket is 2,500 IRR for a trip, 4,500 IRR for two trips, 14,000 IRR for ten trips, including connections. You can purchase tickets at the counters or the ticket distributors present in the stations.
Each subway train has two cars exclusively for women. However, all trains are mixed; women can sit wherever they wish.
Many taxis circulate in Tehran, but there is no fixed rate per kilometre. It is up to you to negotiate the fare before the taxi begins the course. In Tehran, the prices are more expensive than elsewhere: approximately 900 IRR per kilometre, against 700 IRR in the provinces.
To reduce the price of a trip, you can share your taxi with other users. To do this, go to the taxi ranks (as a rule, there is one on each square of the city): the waiting drivers often launch group calls for a given destination to fill their vehicles.
Once you arrive in Tehran, don't hesitate to get in touch with tourism professionals for information and help in organising your stay.Department of Communications, Public and International Relations of the city of Tehran
Tehran City Hall
+98 21 55166677
Currency and Exchange Rates
The currency used in Iran is the rial (IRR).
1 CHF = 41.295,14 IRR
The above exchange rate is given for information because is variable.
The health status of the country is satisfactory, the medical profession good. It is recommended that you take out international health insurance before departure.
Plan your own first aid kit. There is a shortage of medicine in Tehran, including contraceptives.
Cases of avian influenza, coronavirus, cholera, and leishmaniasis are regularly reported in Iran. Avoid contact with animals and get yourself a hydro-alcoholic gel for hand disinfection.
No vaccine is compulsory for travel to Iran. However, updating immunisation for diphtheria-tetanus-polio is recommended.
Other recommended vaccinations: typhoid fever and viral hepatitis A and B (especially in the case of extended stays and excursions outside the capital).
For long stays, vaccination against rabies is recommended.
For more information, contact your Air France international vaccination centre:
• Address: 38, Quai de Jemmapes, 75010 Paris
• Website: www.vaccinations-airfrance.fr
• Phone: +33 (0)1 43 17 22 00
• To make an appointment for vaccination:
– Internet: www.vaccinations-airfrance.fr/eappointment/form
– At +33 (0)1 43 17 22 00
Carefully wash fruits and vegetables before consumption. Due to an outbreak of bird flu, do not eat fowl or visit bird markets.WATER
Tap water is potable in Tehran.
Whatever your nationality, a visa is required to enter Iranian territory. Depending on your nationality, you must meet certain conditions to go to Iran.
For more information, visit the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Iran: http://en.mfa.ir/
Here are a few useful phrases in Persian for your stay in Tehran:
Hello : Ruz be kheyr
Good morning : Sobh be kheyr
Good day : Zohr be kheyr
Good afternoon : Baød-az-zohr be kheyr
Good evening : Asr be kheyr
Good bye : Khodâ hâfez
Yes : Bale
No : Na
No, thanks : Na, mersi
Thank you very much : Kheyli mamnun
I don't understand : Nemifahmam
Could you repeat that? : Lotfan âhestetar harf bezanid?
Please : Lotfan
What itme is it ?: Sâ'at tchand ast ?
Excuse-me? : Motaøsef-am
Train station : Istgahe ghatar
Taxi : Taxi
Hotel : Hotel
Hospital : Bimâr-estân
Bank : Bank
Telephone : Telefon
What is the price of (…) : Chande ?
Do you have (…) : Aya az ?
Where can I find (…) : Koja hast…?
I would like (…) : Man mikhastam
Good to know
of time difference with
Daylight Savings Time end date : 23 September
Open from Sunday to Wednesday from 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.; Thursday from 7:30 a.m. to noon; closed on Fridays and Saturdays.
Open mornings only, for most of them between 8:30 a.m. and noon.
And what about tiping?
The price of service being included in the bill, it is not necessary to tip in Tehran. If you feel that the service was excellent, you can leave a sum equivalent to 5% of the price of the bill.